Please read the following information carefully:
This website uses its own cookies as well as cookies added by third parties, in order to provide visitors with a much better browsing experience and services adapted to the needs and interests of each.
In what we call the “modern web” or “web 2.0”, cookies play an important role in facilitating the access and delivery of the many services that the user enjoys on the Internet.
Customizing certain settings such as: the language in which the site is viewed, date and time, retaining options/settings (including saving them) and retaining older preferences by accessing various buttons/features.
Cookies provide site owners with valuable feedback on how their sites are used by users, so that they can make them even more efficient or accessible to users.
Allow multimedia or other applications from other sites to be embedded on certain pages to create a more valuable, useful and enjoyable browsing experience.
- What is a “cookie”?
An “Internet Cookie” (term also known as “browser cookie” or “HTTP cookie” or simply “cookie”) is a small file, consisting of letters and numbers, which will be stored on the computer, mobile terminal or other equipment of a user from which the Internet is accessed.
The cookie is sent through a request issued by the web server on which the site is hosted, to the user’s browser (Ex: Firefox, Internet Explorer, Chrome, etc.) and is completely “passive”, in the sense that it does not contain software, viruses or spyware, nor can it access information on the user’s hard drive.
A cookie consists of 2 parts: the name and the content or value of the cookie that is uniquely associated with the domain on which the site that sent it to the user’s browser is hosted. Furthermore, the lifetime of a cookie is determined and only the web server that sent the cookie can access it again, and only when the user returns to the site associated with that web server.
Cookies do not require personal information to be used, nor can they personally identify Internet users.
- Types of cookies
a. Cookies specific to an online session
Web pages have no memory. A user who navigates from one web page to another will be considered by the website as a new user. Session-specific cookies usually store an identifier that allows the user to move from one web page to another without having to enter identification information (username, password, etc.) each time. Such cookies are widely used by commercial websites, for example, to keep track of products added by a user to the shopping cart. When the user visits a certain page of a product catalog and selects certain products, the cookie remembers the selected products and adds them to the shopping cart,
Session-specific cookies are stored in the user’s computer memory only during an Internet browsing session and are automatically deleted when the browser is closed. They can also become inaccessible if the session has been inactive for a certain period of time (usually 20 minutes).
b. Permanent, persistent or stored cookies
Persistent cookies are stored on the user’s computer and are not deleted when the browsing session is closed. These cookies can remember the user’s preferences for a particular website so that they can be used during other Internet browsing sessions.
In addition to authentication information, persistent cookies can also retain details about the language and theme selected on a particular website, menu preferences on a site, favorite pages within a site, etc. When the user accesses a site for the first time, it is presented in default mode. Subsequently, the user selects a series of preferences, which are then retained by cookies and used when the user accesses the site again. For example, a website offers its content in several languages. On the first visit, the user selects English, and the site stores this preference in a cookie. When the user visits that site again, the content will automatically be displayed in English.
Persistent cookies can be used to identify individual users and thus to analyze users’ online behavior. They can provide information about the number of visitors to a website, the time (on average) spent on a particular page, and generally the performance of a website. These cookies are configured to track user activities for a long period of time, in some cases even years.
c. Flash cookies
If the user has Adobe Flash installed on the computer, small files may be stored in the memory of that computer by websites that contain Flash elements (such as video clips). These files are known as “local shared objects” or “flash cookies” and can be used for the same purposes as regular cookies.
When regular cookies are deleted through the functions of a browser, flash cookies are not affected. Thus, a website that uses flash cookies can recognize a user on a new visit if the data specific to the deleted cookies has also been retained in a flash cookie.
As flash cookies are not stored on the user’s computer in the same way that regular cookies are, they are more difficult to identify and delete. Banks and financial websites use such cookies precisely for this reason. Because they are difficult to identify, these cookies are stored on users’ computers to enable user authentication and prevent fraud, since potential criminals may have the login username and password but do not have access to the user’s computer. Thus, cookies act as a second level of authentication, in addition to the username and password.
d. First party cookies vs third party cookies
Each cookie has an “owner” – the website/Internet domain that places that cookie.
First party cookies are placed by the Internet domain / website accessed by the user (whose address appears in the address bar of the browser). For example, if the user visits www.xxx.ro , and the domain of the cookie placed on his computer is www.xxx.ro , then it is a first party cookie.
A third party cookie is placed by a different Internet domain/website than the one accessed by the user; this means that the accessed website also contains information from a third-party website – for example, an advertising banner that appears on the accessed website. Thus, if the user visits www.xxx.ro but the cookie placed on his computer has the domain www.yyy.ro , then it is a third party cookie.
The Article 29 Working Group (made up of the national data protection authorities of the member states of the European Union) considers that, from a legal point of view, and considering European legislation, the notion of “third party cookie” refers to a cookie placed by to an operator distinct from the one that operates the website visited by the user. Third party cookies are not strictly necessary for the user accessing a website, as they are usually associated with a service distinct from the one that was explicitly “requested” by the user (by accessing the website) .
- Cookies we use
Necessary cookies: Necessary cookies help the use of a website by enabling basic functions such as page navigation and access to secure areas of the website. The site cannot function properly without these cookies.
Marketing cookies: Marketing cookies are used to track visitors to websites. The intent is to show ads that are relevant and interesting to each user, and therefore more valuable to publishers and third-party advertisers.
Unclassified Cookies: Unclassified cookies are cookies that we are in the process of classifying together with individual cookie providers.
- Advantages of cookies
A cookie contains information that connects a browser (the user) and a specific web server (the website). If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the information already stored and react accordingly.
Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of websites to provide comfortable services to users. Examples – online privacy preferences, website language or relevant advertising options, etc.
- Lifetime of a cookie
Cookies are managed by web servers. The lifetime of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (“session cookies”) and are not retained after the user leaves the site, and some cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that site (“cookie permanent ones”).
However, cookies can be deleted by the user at any time through the browser settings.
- The type of information stored and accessed through cookies
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The web server will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted. The cookie stores important information that improves the Internet browsing experience. Ex: the settings regarding the language in which you want to access a site, keeping an authenticated user in the member account or email account, online security, keeping and memorizing some settings, etc.
- The importance of cookies for the Internet
Cookies are central to the efficient functioning of the Internet, helping to generate a user-friendly browsing experience tailored to each user’s preferences and interests. Rejecting or disabling cookies may make some websites impossible to use.
Rejecting or deactivating cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online advertising, but only that it will no longer be able to take into account your preferences and interests highlighted by your browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require the authentication of a user through an account):
- Content and services adapted to user preferences – categories of news, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services.
- Offers tailored to user interests – password retention, language preferences (Ex: display of search results in Romanian).
- Retention of child protection filters on Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions).
- Limiting the frequency of serving ads – limiting the number of times an ad is shown to a specific user on a site.
- Providing relevant advertising to the user.
- Measurement, optimization and analytics features – such as confirmation of a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed more and how a user arrives at the website (eg: through search engines, directly, from other websites- uri etc). The websites run these analyzes of their use for an improvement for the benefit of the user.
- Security and Privacy Issues
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use a plain text format. They are not made up of pieces of code, so they cannot be executed or auto-run. Consequently, they cannot be duplicated or replicated to other networks to run or replicate again. Since they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
Cookies can however be used for negative purposes. Because they store information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a particular website and across multiple websites, cookies can be used as a form of spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this fact and constantly mark cookies for deletion during anti-virus/anti-spyware deletion/scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have integrated privacy settings that provide different levels of cookie acceptance, validity period and automatic deletion after the user has visited a certain site.
- Other security aspects related to cookies
Considering that the protection of identity is very important and represents the right of every Internet user, it is advisable to know what are the possible problems that may arise in relation to cookies. Since through them information is constantly transmitted in both directions between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during the data transmission, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted. Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (Ex: an unsecured Wi-Fi network). Other cookie-based attacks involve missetting cookies on servers.
If a website does not require the browser to use encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information over unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information to gain unauthorized access to certain websites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information.
- Tips for safe and responsible browsing, based on cookies
- A few tips that can ensure you surf without worries with the help of cookies:
Customize your browser settings regarding cookies to establish a comfortable level of security. If you don’t mind cookies and you are the only person using the computer, you can set long expiration periods for storing your browsing history and personal access data.
If you share access to the computer, you may consider setting your browser to delete individual browsing data each time you close the browser, it is the option to access sites that place cookies and delete any visit information when you close the session navigation.
Always install and update your antispyware applications. Many of the spyware detection and prevention applications include detection of attacks from websites. Thus, it prevents the browser from accessing sites that could exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software.
Make sure your browser is always updated (updated). Most of the attacks based on cookies are carried out by exploiting the weak points of some old versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and biggest websites on the Internet, local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you can surf the Internet with confidence.
- Managing, deactivating and deleting cookies
Disabling and refusing to receive cookies may make certain websites impractical or difficult to visit and use. Also, refusing to accept cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive or see online advertising.
It is possible to set the browser so that these cookies are no longer accepted or you can set the browser to accept cookies only from a specific website. But, for example, if you are not registered using cookies, you will not be able to leave comments.
All modern browsers offer the possibility to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in your browser’s “Options” or “Preferences” menu.
Detailed information on how to manage, disable and delete cookies by using the settings of the browser used to browse the Internet is available at the following addresses :
- for OPERA : https://help.opera.com/en/latest/web-preferences/#cookies
- for Google Chrome : https://support.google.com/chrome/answer/95647?hl=ro
- Mozilla Firefox: https://support.mozilla.org/ro/kb/cookies
- for Internet Explorer 8: https://support.microsoft.com/ro-ro/help/17442/windows-internet-explorer-delete-manage-cookies#ie=ie-8
- for Internet Explorer 9: https://support.microsoft.com/ro-ro/help/17442/windows-internet-explorer-delete-manage-cookies#ie=ie-9
- for Internet Explorer 10 : https://support.microsoft.com/ro-ro/help/17442/windows-internet-explorer-delete-manage-cookies#ie=ie-10
Contact details of the Data Protection Officer:
- Phone: 0771 054 614
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org